Ratha (papertygre) wrote,
Ratha
papertygre

Squatter cities

Discovered on Seth Roberts' blog, the notion of "squatter cities." Seth describes these as a solution to poverty and hypothesizes that they work because "(a) People care about themselves and their children (far more than any expert will ever care)" and the fact that there is now widespread access to "(b) The technological knowledge behind the many small businesses (e.g., hair dresser, copy center, pirated videos, cell phones) that allow squatter cities to exist."

3-minute 2006 TED talk by Stewart Brand here. From one of the slides in the talk:

Informal economy

Rent (of undeeded property)
Construction (of undeeded buildings)
Employment (in unlicensed, untaxed businesses)
Services (unlicensed, untaxed)

60% of unemployment in developing countries
• The "dark energy" of economic theory


This is interesting to think about as an example of a granular, bottom-up solution to something that is usually presented as a huge, monolithic problem. It is also fascinating to think about how much less economic friction there is in such a society: the talk claims that unemployment is 0% -- everyone works. What are such cities giving up for this lack of friction (in the form of regulation, taxation, and things like school attendance laws)? What is the risk exposure of a typical family? How (and how well) are disputes settled?

2006 Newsweek article.

Robert Neuwirth is a researcher on this subject, with a book ("Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters, A New Urban World") and blog. These were mentioned on BoingBoing in 2005, where Cory Doctorow discusses some parallels between squatting and "copyfight."
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